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Osteoporosis Prevention

on November 17, 2015
More than 2 million fractures occur related to osteoporosis each year. Most people are unaware that they have osteoporosis until a fracture occurs.
The exact medical cause for osteoporosis is not known, but a number of factors are known to cause osteoporosis, including
  • Aging
  • Physical inactivity
  • Reduced levels of estrogen
  • Heredity
  • Excessive cortisone or thyroid hormone
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol intake

The loss of bone tends to occur most in the spine, lower forearm above the wrist, and upper femur or thigh-the site of hip fractures. Spine fractures, wrist fractures, and hip fractures are common injuries in older persons.

A gradual loss of bone mass, generally beginning about age 35, is a fact of life for everyone. After growth is complete, women ultimately lose 30% to 50% of their bone density, and men lose 20% to 30%.

Women lose bone calcium at an accelerated pace once they go through menopause. Menstrual periods cease because a woman’s body produces less estrogen hormone, which is important for the maintenance of bone mass or bone strength. Your family doctor or gynecologist may evaluate and recommend a treatment program of estrogen replacement therapy, calcitonin or other medications. To be most effective, the treatment program should begin at menopause.

Source: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00315

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